Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling

The Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling project (SOCCOM) is an NSF-sponsored program focused on unlocking the mysteries of the Southern Ocean and determining its influence on climate.

Housed at Princeton University and administered by the Princeton Environmental Institute, SOCCOM draws on the strengths of teams of investigators across the U.S. as well as participating in international observational and simulation efforts.

The SOCCOM project is supported by NSF under the NSF Award PLR-1425989.

Why study the Southern Ocean?

Heat UptakeHeat Uptake
The Southern Ocean comprises only 30% of the ocean area on Earth, but is responsible for 60 ± 20% of ocean heat uptake.

Carbon UptakeCarbon Uptake
The Southern Ocean accounts for up to half of the annual oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Nutrient ResupplyNutrient Resupply
If nutrient export from the Southern Ocean (red line) were to cease, current global productivity (black line) north of 30S would be reduced by up to 75%.

University of ArizonaClimate CentralMBARINational Science FoundationPrinceton UniversityScrippsUniversity of Washington